Interventions & Programs
Various ways to help people quit.
A variety of health and education professionals attempt to help people quit every day with a wide array of tactics. Both interventions and programs aim to help people choose a healthier way of living. Programs tend to be ongoing in nature, while interventions can be one time events.
Please browse the left-hand menu for more information on the many ways in which this can be accomplished.
We have selected some studies and other resources about various interventions to introduce you to this topic:
- Campus physicians' tobacco interventions with university students : a descriptive study of 16 Ontario university clinics
- Current approaches to pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation
- Current treatment options in smoking cessation
- Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation
- Keeping smoking-cessation interventions brief and effective
- Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation
- Relapse prevention interventions for smoking cessation
- Smoking cessation for hospitalized smokers : an evaluation of the “Ottawa Model”
- Smoking cessation in the dental setting : a practical approach
- Strategies to increase the delivery of smoking cessation treatments in primary care settings : a systematic review and meta-analysis
Note: The following list of documents is dynamic and will change as new items are added to the collection.
- Off your butts! : a stop-smoking program for teens [kit]
- Tobacco cessation program aimed at teens between ages 15 and 19. Participants in the group intervention were asked to identify their current lifestyle and how tobacco use is a part of that lifestyle. Goal setting skills, coping techniques and tobacco education helped participants develop individual cessation action plans.
- Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation [kit] [COMMIT pre-release package]
- Package that includes background information about the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT) trial, questions and answer sheets, key points, news releases (AJPH and NCI), editorials, and drafts of the two main outcome papers published in the American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) of February 26, 1995.
- Interventions for midlife smoking cessation : a literature review
- This literature review profiles characteristics of people who smoke in midlife and assess the effectiveness of intervention in this group. It finds that they underestimate the costs of smoking and overestimate the benefits and are less confident in their ability to quit. Interventions for this age group should be tailored to their beliefs.
- Expecting to quit : a best practices review of smoking cessation interventions for pregnant and postpartum girls and women
- Examines interventions and programs in smoking cessation for pregnant women, in an attempt to identify better practices in the field.
- Young adults and smoking : a qualitative study exploring issues and interventions
- A descriptive analysis of tobacco use experiences and observations from young adults aged 18-25 who smoke and don’t smoke, based on data from 67 individuals in focus groups and individual interviews. Themes include: perceived control and willpower versus social influences, social relationships, drinking alcohol, and developmental transitions.
- Perceived difficulty quitting predicts enrollment in a smoking-cessation program for patients with head and neck cancer
- This cross-sectional study analyzed predictors of enrollment in a cessation intervention. Perceived difficulty quitting, health behaviours, clinical characteristics, and demographics were assessed. High percieved difficulty quitting was the only statistically significant predictor of enrollment more so than problem drinking, lower symptoms of depression and laryngeal cancer site.
- Smoking interventions in the prenatal and postpartum periods
- Overview ─ What we have learned from the research ─ The context for your smoking interventions ─ The transtheoretical model for smoking interventions ─ Putting the model into action ─ Improving smoking cessation interventions for pregnant and postpartum women ─ Smoke free environments for your clients and their families ─ Endnotes.
- Tobacco reduction in prenatal and postpartum programs for high-priority families : results of a cross-Canada survey
- "A cross-Canada survey to learn more about how prenatal and postpartum programs in the community were dealing with tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke with their clients and their clients' families. The survey included programs for women and their families living in disadvantaged conditions and programs in Aboriginal and multicultural communities." ─ Overview.
- Improved patient outcome with smoking cessation : when is it too late?
- Cessation is the only way to alter the natural progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Authors review the evidence for tobacco treatment and the approaches for promoting cessation in those who smoke with lung disease.
- Smoking and pregnancy : a woman's dilemma
- Understanding the dilemma ─ Why do women start smoking? ─ Why do women continue to smoke? ─ Which women are more likely to smoke during pregnancy? ─Why do women want to quit when they are pregnant? ─ Why do many women quit smoking during pregnancy but relapse? ─ How does smoking affect the mother, fetus and child? ─How can family and friends influence prenatal and postpartum smoking? ─ How can health care providers help reduce prenatal and postpartum smoking? ─ Endnotes ─ Master work sheets.
- Can community organization strategies be used to implement smoking and dietary changes in a rural manufacturing work site?
- The authors evaluate an intervention for smoking and dietary change, conducted in a rural work site and guided by employees. Among their findings: there were significant increases in numbers of smoking cessation attempts as a result of the intervention.
- COMMIT protocol summary : community intervention trial for smoking cessation, October, 1988
- Introduction - Rationale - Trial Design - Project Phases - Community Analysis - Community Analysis - Community Mobilization - Intervention Strategies - Evaluation - Sample Size Considerations - Conclusion - References - Figures.
- Minimal contact interventions for smoking cessation
- Introduction ─ Background on smoking cessation ─ Types of smoking cessation interventions ─ Minimal contact interventions for smoking cessation ─ Providers of minimal contact interventions for smoking cessation ─ Resources for minimal contact smoking cessation interventions ─ End notes.
- Men's smoking cessation interventions : a brief review
- Of the eleven studies included in this literature review, seven used a randomized controlled trial (RCT), three used a cohort design, and one used a two-group pretest-posttest design. Only two studies had treatments geared only for men.
- World No Tobacco Day : special collection
- This Special Collection was first published to coincide with World No Tobacco Day 2010, and has since been revised for World No Tobacco Day 2011. It highlights a selection of Cochrane Reviews that address tobacco addiction in the general population.
- SmokeChange for changing smoking in pregnancy
- The SmokeChange programme works with women who are pregnant to help change smoking behaviours. This study of women enrolled in the programme finds that the SmokeChange approach of personalized intervention is accepted by and effective for pregnant women for reducing or quitting smoking and establishing smoke free spaces.
- Two approaches to social support in smoking cessation : commodity model and nondirective support
- Discusses features from two social support approaches, the commodity model of social support and Nondirective Support, that may be effective in smoking cessation interventions.
- Helping smokers stop
- Introduction ─ Does it work? ─ What help can they get? ─ Conclusions ─ References.
- Systematic review of how to stop smoking in pregnancy and following childbirth
- Three reviews were conducted to answer the following three questions: which interventions are successful and cost effective in promoting smoke-free homes? What factors help to deliver successful interventions and what are the obstacles? And what are the health effects of reducing consumption compared with ceasing smoking.
- Smoking-cessation interventions for U.S. young adults : a systematic review
- Systematic review of smoking-cessation interventions for U.S. young adults (aged 18–24 years). Twelve RCTs and two nonrandomized studies met the inclusion criteria.
- Research on telephone quitlines.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
- One-on-one therapy to help people who smoke rethink and change their behaviour.
- Web-Based Programs
- Reviews of and research on Web-Assisted Tobacco Interventions (WATIs), as well as those developed for handheld devices.
- Community-Based Programs
- Programs that take place locally, through community centres or health facilities.
- Group-Based Therapy
- Trying to quit with support from others facing the same challenges.
- Health Care Provider Interventions
- Research on interventions by doctors, nurses, dental professionals and in health facilities.
- Self-Help Method
- Information to help people quit without assistance.
- Telephone Counselling
- Articles about interventions over the phone, both land line and cellular.
last modified Dec 07, 2011 09:58 AM