Dentists have multiple opportunities to intervene on the issue of tobacco use among adolescents. Dental clinic settings that are youth-focused are organized around prevention and health education, and support the integration of tobacco interventions.
Note: The following list of documents is dynamic and will change as new items are added to the collection.
- Ninth-grade students' perceived attitudes and behaviors in a tobacco cessation program delivered by dental educators
- Examines the influence of a tobacco cessation program delivered in schools by dental educators on ninth-grade students' short-term perceived knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and intentions towards tobacco use. After the program, more students had an increased awareness of tobacco use dangers to their health and significantly increased awareness of the negative consequences of tobacco use.
- Promoting tobacco abstinence among older adolescents in dental clinics
- Reports on a study where youth ages 14-17 received cessation advice or advice and motivational interview and follow up from dentists and hygienists. While no difference in smoking prevalence was observed at follow-up when comparing treatment conditions, difficulty in enrolling participants precludes drawing conclusions from these results.
- Tobacco use prevalence and correlates among adolescents in a clinician initiated tobacco prevention trial in California, USA
- Tobacco use among youth receiving orthodontic treatment and enrolled in a clinician initiated tobacco control trial is examined. While the prevalence rate of 6% is lower than the rest of California and national samples, similar trends for age, gender and ethnicity are observed. Thus, interventions are warranted with this population.
- An adolescent tobacco-use prevention trial in orthodontic offices
- A tobacco use prevention intervention for youth took place in orthodontic offices in Southern California. Differences in tobacco use between intervention and control offices did not reach statistical significance. Interventions by orthodontists can be effective, but clinician compliance to provide the intervention requires improvement.
- Support for tobacco control initiatives among physicians and dentists who treat adolescent patients
- Surveyed Connecticut pediatricians, family practitioners and dentists who treated adolescent patients about their support for and involvement in public health initiatives to reduce tobacco use among minors. Physicians were more likely than dentists to express support for health initiatives.
- Counseling youth in tobacco-use prevention : determinants of clinician compliance
- Examined the rate and determinants of tobacco prevention and cessation counselling to youth, for orthodontists participating in a controlled trial. Although training and support increased counselling, absolute rates remained less than optimal. Social learning factors were associated with prevention and cessation counselling.
- Can brief intervention through community dental care have an effect on adolescent smoking?
- Participants arriving for their annual dental check-up were asked to complete a smoking questionnaire and were randomly assigned to an intervention or usual care group. Upon completion of this two-year follow-up study, smoking prevalence was 18.1% in the intervention group, and 20.8% in the control group.
- How well does the health history form identify adolescent smokers?
- The health history form identified only 38% of youth who had smoked in the last thirty days and 57.4% who had smoked daily. Youth underreported tobacco use history on these forms and it was very rare that dental professionals offered advice on smoking. A revised form might increase identification of smokers and subsequent interventions.
- Examining the role of the orthodontist in preventing adolescent tobacco use : a nationwide perspective
- Orthodontists are in a unique position to intervene with their adolescent patients. This study of 119 orthodontists found that while 89.9% were concerned about patient tobacco use, only 50% had ever spoken to patients. More training in cessation and prevention would ensure that orthodontists were more comfortable in providing this assistance.
last modified May 01, 2012 01:56 PM